Background Consuming sugar sweetened beverages is prevalent in our country, and excessive intake can induce the occurrence of several diseases. Several studies at home and abroad have reported the association between the intakes of sugar sweetened beverages and the risk of hypertension incidence, but controversy remains on the specific intake dose and the risk of developing the disease. Objective To analyze the dose-response relationship between the intakes of sugar sweetened beverages and the risk of developing hypertension. Methods A computer search of cross-sectional and prospective studies on the association between the intake of sugar sweetened beverages and the risk of developing hypertension was used in databases of CNKI, CQVIP, SinoMed, Wanfang Data, PubMed, EMBase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science from inception to November 2021. Two reviewers independently extracted data, and evaluated the quality of included studies. Stata 16.0 was used for meta-analysis. Results Sixteen studies with 316 205 subjects were included. Meta-analysis results showed that the intake of sugary drinks increasedthe risk of developing hypertension〔OR=1.12,95%CI（1.10,1.15）,P 0.05) and Egger's test (t = 1.46, P > 0.05) showed no publication bias. Conclusion Sugar sweetened beverage intake increases the risk of developing hypertension, and the risk of developing hypertension is increased by 16% for every additional intake of 1 serving of sugar sweetened beverage per day (i.e., 12 ounces, approximately 340 g or 355 ml), and controlling sugar content is important for the prevention of hypertension.
Zhao, Zhenxue; Wang, Xin; Tan, Kaiwen; and Zhao, Chunshan
"Dose Response of Sugar-sweetened Beverage Intake and Risk of Hypertension Incidence：a Meta-analysis,"
General Practice in China: Vol. 1:
1, Article 22.
Available at: https://www.gpinchina.net/journal/vol1/iss1/22