The study investigates the factors that have an influence on the effectiveness of Tuina manipulation in treating musculoskeletal pain by interviewing physicians from Beijing's Tuina Department using the purpose sampling method and the snowball sampling strategy. The results showed that The factors affecting the treatment of musculoskeletal pain by Tuina manipulation are composed of three factors：the internal factors of“people”，the external factors of“environment”and the causative factors of“diseases”.
Fan, Xiran; Li, Duoduo; Wang, Shuangshuang; and Guo, Ye
"A qualitative study of factors influencing the efficacy of Tuina,"
General Practice in China: Vol. 1:
2, Article 1.
Available at: https://www.gpinchina.net/journal/vol1/iss2/1